Non ionizing radiation

Non-ionizing radiation, known also a electromagnetic radiation, is not capable to cause ionization, but capable to affect the cells electrically, chemically and thermally.

In this category are included:

  • the static electric and magnetic fields, as those encountered in the natural environment,
  • the low frequency electric and magnetic fields arising in the vicinity of electric power installations,
  • the radiowaves and the microwave frequency fields (e.g. radio and television antennas, mobile phones base stations, radar systems),
  • the infrared radiation,
  • the optical radiation (the visible light),
  • the ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

Non ionizing radiation applications

EEAE has the statutory responsibility for the protection of the general public and the environment against artificially produced non-ionizing radiation and provides relevant information to any interested party. 

The non ionizing radiation systems audited by EEAE are the following:

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UV radiation: solarium

Solarium cabin

EEAE recognizing the high importance of the matter, the lack of data regarding UV emissions from sunbeds and the quality of artificial tanning services in Greece, as well as the lack of relevant national legislation, completed recently the first surveillance action of the artificial tanning sector in Greece.

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Studies on radiation emissions -expert opinions

EEAE reviews the technical studies on radiation emissions of antennas, which are submitted by the antenna owners and issues its expert opinion as to their compliance with the safety exposure limits for each installation (a precondition for the licensing of antenna stations).

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Environmental impact studies/reports

EEAE’s expert opinion is a precondition for the environmental licensing of  base stations (Environmental Impact Study, EIS), only if a base station fails to fall under the Standard Environmental Commitments, in compliance with the applicable provisions on environmental licensing.

EIS studies are sent to EEAE by the competent authorities and upon reviewing these studies, EEAE may either issue an opinion or request for corrections/supplementary info.

Cases of non-compliance with the general public exposure limits

From 2000 to 2015, EEAE or authorized external contractors conducted more than 11,500 in situ inspections and measurements at the environment of antennas stations providing telecommunication services throughout Greece. During such period, 90 cases were identified in which the rates for safe exposure to HF electromagnetic radiation at areas where general public may freely and possibly access were exceeded.

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